A monument can be defined as a monolith which lies flat and bears symbols, inscriptions, and sculptures of a commemorative nature. In most cases, monuments can be seen in Chinese architecture and landscapes. They are usually blocks of massive size with the base shaped like a turtle to symbolize heaven and earth .This is in addition to Chinese dragons which are entwined. The dragons are both male and female and represent the creative union of the yin and the yang. There are also engraved texts. Grave monuments found at the entrance of tombs have the name and brief biography of the deceased. In temples, religious stelae are in most cases covered in carved motifs to an extent that the text does not appear. It was possible to duplicate engraved texts before books were even invented in order to provide calligraphy models. Unusual engraving done in an unusual manner has a negative appearance with the hollows having a white background. Within a culture, engraving art can serve many purposes. It can be used during funeral rites to celebrate the lives of the dead. It can happen either as part of worshipping the ancestors or in the facilitation of political aims for ruling a dynasty. The art of engraving also acted as a reminder of man's mortality and as a way to appease the spirits of the dead so that they would not come back and harm the living. For thousands of years, artistic objects on graves have been used in almost all human cultures. Some of the best remnants of older cultures are tombs or grave art including the Chinese Terracotta Army, the Egyptian pyramids, and the Taj Mahal in India. Tomb art has for a long time been the preserve of powerful social elites and rich folks. A very important aspect involves the development of art traditions split between what the visitors can see and what is to be buried forever with the dead after the burial ritual is over. For example, the pyramids of pharaohs were meant to be seen by people in order to show the dead rulers posterity while the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamen golden treasure was never intended to be seen after the tomb was sealed. The same separation can also be seen in East Asian graves. In some other cultures, headstone art was intended to be seen by the public or by those given the responsibility to take care of the grave. However, some grave ornaments could not be seen by the public. Mausoleums were made to be visited by the living. They had the most magnificent grave monument types. This was mostly the case in ancient cultures around the Mediterranean and later became a very common practice in the Islamic world.
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